As a result of requirements from the retail sector (SAP Retail), Release 4.0A includes the following new functions:
Of these, the following were not included in SAP Retail Release 1.2B:
You can only use this function if you use
The Replenishment function is used by one organizational unit to coordinate the supply of merchandise to another organizational unit. This can be from a distribution center to a store or from a wholesaler to a retailer.
Replenishment is coordinated and controlled solely by the supplying organizational unit, taking the requirements of the recipient only into account. Replenishment can therefore be considered as a service provided by a vendor for a customer.
In Replenishment, the system determines the recipient's requirements and generates any necessary follow-on documents, such as stock transport orders or deliveries. The Store Order functions are used for generating follow-on documents.
Master data maintenance
You can only use this function if you use
Replenishment requires its own material master data. This is maintained in the Replenishment menu and not in material maintenance. You can enter data at two levels:
You can enter inventory management and forecast data for a material on these levels.
Methods of replenishment
Requirements can be determined in one of two ways:
In Replenishment, you can use a forecast to determine the target stock level. All the forecast models in the R/3 system are available. A special model with seasonal weighting factors has also been developed for use in Replenishment.
Planning of replenishments
You can start the planning run online or in the background. The system determines requirements, which you can change online. The system then uses store order functions to generate follow-on documents. You can have the system generate:
You define which type of follow-on document is generated in Customizing. The results of a replenishment run are recorded in a log, which you can then check in the replenishment monitor.
Consideration of expected receipts and issues
Expected receipts and issues can also be included in the planning run for items planned with the standard method.
You must have entered a check group in the logistics master data of the materials involved. Check groups for availability checks can be maintained in cutomizing for Sales and Distribution, The check rule for Replenishment is set internally to "RP".
Consideration of material status and MRP type
You can block a material for replenishment by setting a particular status in the material master record. The status can be set at material level, at distribution chain level or at distribution chains and plant level. In Customizing you can configure how the system interprets the status, for example, also as a purchasing block.
You can only plan replenishments if you have entered an MRP type for Replenishment in the material master record.
Replenishment of structured materials
If the system finds that the components of structured materials are among the requirements, it converts these requirement to requirements for the header material.
The system then enters the header material in the follow-on documents. You can influence how the system converts component requirements to header material requirements in a user exit.
Displaying parameters using the list viewer
As of Release 4.0A you can display the parameters set for Replenishment using the list viewer. You can define your own list variants for selecting and displaying all the replenishment parameters as required.
For further information on the list viewer, see the Release Note New Report Design in Inventory Management .
The replenishment monitor allows you to display the detailed results of a replenishment run. When you run replenishment online, you can branch to the monitor at any time. If you want to analyze the results of replenishment run in the background. you must have activated updates for replenishment results in Customizing. This is already activated in the standard system.
The results are divided into three categories (successfully processed, workitem created, replenishment run ended with errors). For each category, the system provides information (for each customer and material combination) as to the status of the items processed.
See the IMG for: