Plant Master: New Functions in Retail


As a result of requirements from the retail sector (SAP Retail), Release 4.0A includes the followng new functions:

Of these, the following were not included in SAP Retail Release 1.2B:

Plant maintenance

In retail, a plant can either be a store or a distribution center. A plant is an organizational unit which has its own Inventory Management and orders its own stocks. However, at the same time it is also a customer, as the head office carries out sales functions for it, such as the creation of deliveries and billing documents. As a result, a plant is also modeled in retail in its function as a customer.

You can now maintain retail plants in a separate maintenance dialog as well as in Customizing.


You can assign the following to plants:

Inventory management parameters

In the plant master record you can enter details on sales price valuation and the assignment of profiles for value-based inventory management.

Plant groups

You can combine plants to form plant groups. A plant group does not have any master data or movement data. It is merely used to enter data simultaneously for all the individual objects which are assigned (for example during mass maintenance of a material). A plant can be assigned to more than one plant group.

Grouping plants together has the following advantages:


You can define layouts which are divided into layout areas. Layout areas in turn are made up of layout modules. In addition to a layout area, you can also assign an area schema to a store, which allows you to make simple predictions on area profitability.

Ability to create plants using a reference

When you create a new plant you can enter a reference plant and the system copies much of the data from the reference plant.


You can model franchisees as plants with external settlement. Depending on whether Financial Accounting is to be active for the plant or not, you must assign a the franchisee to an individual company code or a "dummy" company code. However, Inventory Management can be active for the plant regardless of this.

Plant discontinuation

Plants are discontinued using an archiving process which is similar to that for archiving customer and vendor data.

This process ensures that customer and vendor data for a plant is archived in the archive files for the customer and vendor. The advantage of this is that the customer and vendor data, which you may need to retrieve from the archive at a later date, can be accessed from the appropriate archive files directly.

Store currency

The "POS currency" field (new in Release 4.0A) in the POS data for the plant master is used to determine the currency used for a plant in R/3. During implementation, this field is automatically filled with the currency used by the company code of the plant concerned.

The store currency applies until a new currency is entered in the field, even if the currency of the company code changes. This means that the currency in the individual stores does not have to be changed centrally, but can be done for different stores at different times.