Material Group: New Functions in Retail

Description

As a result of requirements from the retail sector (SAP Retail), Release 4.0A includes the following new functions:

Of these, the following was not included in SAP Retail Release 1.2B:

Material groups

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

Material groups enable you to classify and structure your entire merchandise assortment at multiple levels (breadth and depth). Every material is assigned uniquely to one material group across the whole corporate group.

In particular, material groups allow you to: perform structured analyses in the Information System; plan target and actual values; and store common data (such as conditions) at higher levels.

Material group hierarchy

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

You can arrange material groups to form hierarchies. Each material group can be assigned to one material group hierarchy level. You can define as many hierarchy levels as you wish. A carefully-structured material group hierarchy is essential for efficient material group management (Category Management).

Listing via assignment of material groups to stores

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

You can define that the materials in a material group are automatically listed in stores that the material group is assigned to.

Reclassification

The reclassification function allows you to change your material group hierarchy and the related objects (materials and variants). This includes changing/adjusting current documents, statistics and other dependent objects. Being able to reorganize retail objects in this way is particularly important in companies with ECR and Category Management policies.

Control at plant level

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

You can store information at plant/material group level for the purposes of listing and value-based inventory management. It is possible to define how inventory management takes place for each material group, taking the profile defined for value-based inventory management into account.

Material group reference material

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

One material group reference material can be created per material group. It is a carrier of material information, which can then be offered automatically as default values when a new material is created, thus reducing unnecessary maintenance.

You can assign a reference material to more than one material group.

Material group material

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

The material group material allows you to apply all the functions available for single materials (inventory management, for example) to whole material groups. When a material is sold via a catch-all key at the POS, for example, the relevant material group is represented by the material group material.

Characteristics profiles

You can only use this function if you use

SAP Retail.

Below the level of the material group, and therefore below the entire material group hierarchy, you can create characteristics profiles that segment/subdivide the material group structure. Characteristics profiles are generally used to differentiate between the way generic materials, variants and single materials are created. You can also create a characteristics profile for more than one material group.

Change system parameters in customizing

Please read the following in the IMG:
Material groups