Configuring Transport Routes

Before you can configure the transport routes, the following requirements must be met:

All R/3 Systems involved were included in the transport domain.

The information on the transport directory and the R/3 databases was stored in the global parameter file (TPPARAM).

The configuration of the transport routes is managed in the R/3 System serving as the transport domain controller, and can be distributed to and activated in all other R/3 Systems connected in the transport domain.

The transport route configuration consists of:

SAP provides two editors for configuring transport routes:

The R/3 Systems and their transport routes are displayed in a tree structure.

The R/3 Systems and their transport routes are displayed graphically.

The R/3 Systems can be positioned and linked together by clicking the mouse.

Hierarchical list editor

In the hierarchical list editor, the R/3 Systems in the transport domain and their transport routes are displayed in a tree structure.

To configure the transport routes with the hierarchical list editor, proceed as follows:

  1. Log on in client 000 in the R/3 System serving as the transport domain controller.
  2. Choose Overview ® Systems
  3. This takes you to the system overview.

  4. Choose Goto ® Transport routes.
  5. The Display Transport Routes screen appears.

  6. To switch to change mode, choose Configuration ® Display « Change.

Configuring Standard System Groups

You can configure standard system groups without specifying the individual transport routes. Transport routes for standard system groups are generated automatically.

Standard system groups are:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

Single system

When you configure a single system, no transport routes are created.

This R/3 System can only be supplied with special transports.

To configure a single system, proceed as follows:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

  1. In the hierarchical list editor, choose Configuration ® Standard config.
  2. The Change Transport Routes dialog box appears.

  3. Your single system is displayed in the hierarchical list under Single systems.
  4. Your single system is displayed in the hierarchical list under Single systems.

  5. Save the configuration.
  6. To check the single system configuration, choose Configuration ® Check ® Local.
  7. To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® Local.

The single system has been configured.

Development and Production system

When you configure a 2 system group, you can specify which R/3 System is the development system and which the production system. The transport route is generated automatically.

To configure the transport routes with the hierarchical list editor, proceed as follows:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

  1. In the hierarchical list editor, choose Configuration ® Standard config.
  2. The Change Transport Routes dialog box appears.

  3. Select Test and production system and choose Continue.
  4. Enter the names of your R/3 Systems and choose Continue.
  5. Your R/3 Systems and their transport routes are displayed in the hierarchical list editor under Transport routes.

  6. Save the configuration.
  7. To check the transport route configuration, choose Configuration ® Check ® All systems.
  8. To distribute the transport route configuration to all R/3 Systems involved, choose Configuration ® Distribute.
  9. To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

When doing so, you must enter your user ID and password in all R/3 Systems that are to be changed.

The development and production system have been configured and are connected to each other by a transport route (consolidation route).

The transport route configuration was distributed to and activated in all systems involved.

Development, Quality Assurance, and Production System

When you configure a 3 system group, you can specify for each R/3 System which role it has in the system group. The transport routes are generated automatically.

To configure the transport routes for a development, quality assurance, and production system, proceed as follows:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

  1. In the hierarchical list editor, choose Configuration ® Standard config.
  2. The Change Transport Routes dialog box appears.

  3. Select 3 system group and choose Continue.
  4. Enter the names of your R/3 Systems and choose Continue.
  5. Your R/3 Systems and their transport routes are displayed in the hierarchical list under Transport routes.

  6. Save the configuration.
  7. To check the transport route configuration, choose Configuration ® Check ® All systems.
  8. To distribute the transport route configuration to all R/3 Systems involved, choose Configuration ® Distribute.
  9. To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

When doing so, you must enter your user ID and password in all R/3 Systems that are to be changed.

The development, quality assurance, and production system have been configured and are connected to each other by transport routes (consolidation route, delivery route).

The transport route configuration was distributed to and activated in all systems involved.

Configuring Complex System Groups

Transport route configurations are referred to as complex if they cannot be categorized according to one of the following three models:

In complex system groups, the configuration must be created by defining individual consolidation and delivery routes.

You can also create your transport route configuration on the basis of a standard configuration.

Creating Transport Routes

Creating transport routes for complex system groups involves two steps:

  1. Creating consolidation routes
  2. Creating delivery routes

Creating Consolidation Routes

To create consolidation routes, proceed as follows:

  1. In the hierarchical list editor, choose Configuration ® Transport route ® Create.
  2. The Transport Route Attributes dialog box appears.

  3. Enter names in the following fields:
  4. Integration system

    Transport layer

    Consolidation system

  5. Choose Continue.
  6. Enter a short description for the transport layer and choose Continue.
  7. Transport layers that do not exist are created automatically. You can also create transport layers by choosing Configuration ® Transport layer ® Create.

  8. Choose Continue.
  9. The configured R/3 Systems and their consolidation route are displayed in the hierarchical list under Transport routes. The transport layer is also given.

  10. Save the configuration.

Creating Delivery Routes

You can only create delivery routes for consolidation routes that already exist.

To create delivery routes, proceed as follows:

  1. In the hierarchical list editor, choose Configuration ® Transport route ® Create.
  2. The Transport Route Attributes dialog box appears.

  3. Select Delivery routes.
  4. Enter names in the following fields:
  5. Source system

    Recipient system

  6. Choose Continue.
  7. In the hierarchical list, the configured R/3 Systems and their delivery route are displayed under Transport routes.

  8. Save the configuration.

Changing Transport Routes

If you want to change transport routes, you must carry out the following steps:

  1. Delete transport route
  2. Create transport route

Deleting Transport Routes

To delete transport routes, proceed as follows:

  1. In the hierarchical list editor, position the cursor on the transport route you want to delete.
  2. Choose Configuration ® Transport route ® Delete.
  3. Confirm the prompt.

The transport route has been deleted.

Saving the Transport Route Configuration

All parts of the configuration are saved in such a way that when the editor is accessed again, the latest version is available.

If you modify and save an active configuration, the version counter increases when it is saved.

To activate a stored version, choose ConfigurationGet.

Version 0000 cannot be activated directly. It is the result of converting the old control tables to new configuration tables. To edit configuration version 0000, you must first save this configuration as version 0001 To do this, choose Configuration -> Save. The version is increased to 0001.

For further information, see the section "Checking the Transport Route Configuration".

Special features in the graphical editor:

When the configuration is saved, the transport routes in the configuration are checked. This check involves testing the delivery routes. This check involves testing the delivery routes.

Checking the Transport Route Configuration

The configuration you have created is checked to see whether

The following behavior can also be set using the parameter multileveldelivery in the tp profile TPPARAM:

If multidelivery = 1 , one or more deliveries can take place from a delivery route. In this way, several systems can therefore be supplied with change requests from the consolidation system.

If the configuration is consistent, it is compared with open requests. The system checks whether these requests

Inconsistent requests cannot be released.

The log displayed lists all inconsistencies found. You can find detailed information in the long text of the respective message.

To check the configuration in the local R/3 System, choose Configuration ® Check ® Local.

To check the configuration in all systems, choose Configuration ® Check ® All systems.

The system checks the effects of the configuration change on open requests in accessible R/3 Systems.

Distributing and Activating the Transport Route Configuration

When all checks have been completed, you can distribute the configuration.

To do this, choose Configuration ® Distribute.

You are asked to enter your user ID and password in all R/3 Systems connected.

After distributing the configuration, you can activate it. There are 2 different methods:

The configuration status of all R/3 Systems is displayed.

To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

SAP recommends activating the configuration centrally from the controller to ensure that you are shown the current configuration status of all R/3 Systems on the controller.

Graphical Editor

The graphical editor display is divided into several areas:

All objects that can be connected by transport routes.

Graphical representation of the R/3 Systems with their transport routes.

Positioning on the area to be displayed.

To configure the transport routes with the graphical editor, proceed as follows:

  1. Log on in client 000 in the R/3 System serving as the transport domain controller.
  2. Choose Overview ® Systems
  3. This takes you to the system overview.

  4. Choose Goto ® Transport routes.
  5. The Display Transport Routes screen appears.

  6. Choose Goto ® Graphical editor.
  7. To switch to change mode, choose Configuration ® Display « Change.

Configuring Standard System Groups

You can configure standard system groups without specifying the individual transport routes. Transport routes for standard system groups are generated automatically.

Standard system groups are:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

Single system

When you configure a single system, no transport routes are created.

This R/3 System can only be supplied with special transports.

To configure a single system, proceed as follows:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

  1. In the graphical list editor, choose Configuration ® Standard config.
  2. The Change Transport Routes dialog box appears.

  3. Your single system is displayed in the hierarchical list under Single systems.
  4. Your single system is displayed in the graphical editor under Insertable objects.

  5. Save the configuration.
  6. To check the single system configuration, choose Configuration ® Check ® Local.
  7. To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® Local.

The single system has been configured.

Development and Production system

When you configure a 2 system group, you can specify which R/3 System is the development system and which the production system. The transport route is generated automatically.

To configure the transport routes with the hierarchical list editor, proceed as follows:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

  1. In the graphical list editor, choose Configuration ® Standard config.
  2. The Change Transport Routes dialog box appears.

  3. Select Test and production system and choose Continue.
  4. Enter the names of your R/3 Systems and choose Continue.
  5. Your R/3 Systems and their transport routes are displayed in the graphical editor in the display area.

  6. Save the configuration.
  7. To check the transport route configuration, choose Configuration ® Check ® All systems.
  8. To distribute the transport route configuration to all R/3 Systems involved, choose Configuration ® Distribute.
  9. To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

When doing so, you must enter your user ID and password in all R/3 Systems that are to be changed.

The development and production system have been configured and are connected to each other by a transport route (consolidation route).

The transport route configuration was distributed to and activated in all systems involved.

Development, Quality Assurance, and Production System

When you configure a 3 system group, you can specify for each R/3 System which role it has in the system group. The transport routes are generated automatically.

To configure the transport routes for a development, quality assurance, and production system, proceed as follows:

If you use the "Standard configuration" function, all previous configurations for all R/3 Systems are replaced by the standard settings. Development classes or transport layers that already exist or objects created in the R/3 System are deleted.

  1. In the graphical list editor, choose Configuration ® Standard config.
  2. The Change Transport Routes dialog box appears.

  3. Select 3 system group and choose Continue.
  4. Enter the names of your R/3 Systems and choose Continue.
  5. Your R/3 Systems and their transport routes are displayed in the graphical editor in the display area.

  6. Save the configuration.
  7. To check the transport route configuration, choose Configuration ® Check ® All systems.
  8. To distribute the transport route configuration to all R/3 Systems involved, choose Configuration ® Distribute.
  9. To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

When doing so, you must enter your user ID and password in all R/3 Systems that are to be changed.

The development, quality assurance, and production system have been configured and are connected to each other by transport routes (consolidation route, delivery route).

The transport route configuration was distributed to and activated in all systems involved.

Configuring Complex System Groups

Transport route configurations are referred to as complex if they cannot be categorized according to one of the following three models:

In complex system groups, the configuration must be created by defining individual consolidation and delivery routes.

You can also create your transport route configuration on the basis of a standard configuration.

Creating Transport Routes

In the graphical editor, all R/3 Systems in the transport domain are listed in the Insertable objects area.

Before you can create the transport routes, you must fetch the R/3 Systems to be configured from the Insertable objects area by clicking the mouse and position them in the display area by clicking the mouse again.

To create the transport routes, proceed as follows:

  1. In the graphical editor, choose Configuration ® Transport routes ® Create.
  2. The mouse pointer becomes a stylus.

  3. Click on an R/3 System and hold the mouse button down.
  4. Drag the stylus to the R/3 System with which the first R/3 System should be connected and release the mouse button.
  5. The Transport Route Attributes dialog box appears.

  6. Select Consolidation route or Delivery route.
  7. If you want to create a consolidation route, enter a name in the Transport layer field: Z<sid> (<sid> - name of the development system).

    Transport layers that do not exist are created automatically. Another way of creating a transport layer is Configuration ® Transport layer ® Create. In the graphical display, transport layers can only be seen if they have a transport route.

  8. Choose Continue.
  9. If you selected Consolidation route, enter a short description in the Transport Route Attributes dialog box and choose Continue.

    This takes you to the graphical editor, where the transport route created is shown in the display area.

    Use this procedure to create all the necessary transport routes.

  10. When you have finished, click anywhere in the display area.
  11. Save the transport route configuration.

Changing Transport Routes

If you want to change transport routes, you must carry out the following steps:

  1. Delete transport route
  2. Create transport route

Deleting Transport Routes

To delete transport routes, proceed as follows:

  1. In the graphical list editor, position the cursor on the transport route you want to delete.
  2. Choose Configuration ® Transport route ® Delete.
  3. Confirm the prompt.

The transport route has been deleted.

Saving the Transport Route Configuration

All parts of the configuration are saved in such a way that when the editor is accessed again, the latest version is available.

If you modify and save an active configuration, the version counter increases when it is saved.

To activate a stored version, choose Configuration ® Get.

Version 0000 cannot be activated directly. It is the result of converting the old control tables to new configuration tables. To edit configuration version 0000, you must first save this configuration as version 0001 To do this, choose Configuration -> Save. The version is increased to 0001.

For further information, see the section "Checking the Transport Route Configuration".

Special features in the graphical editor:

When the configuration is saved, the transport routes in the configuration are checked. This check involves testing the delivery routes. This check involves testing the delivery routes.

Checking the Transport Route Configuration

The configuration you have created is checked to see whether

The following behavior can also be set using the parameter multileveldelivery in the tp profile TPPARAM:

If multidelivery = 1 , one or more deliveries can take place from a delivery route. In this way, several systems can therefore be supplied with change requests from the consolidation system.

If the configuration is consistent, it is compared with open requests. The system checks whether these requests

Inconsistent requests cannot be released.

The log displayed lists all inconsistencies found. You can find detailed information in the long text of the respective message.

To check the configuration in the local R/3 System, choose Configuration ® Check ® Local.

To check the configuration in all systems, choose Configuration ® Check ® All systems.

The system checks the effects of the configuration change on open requests in accessible R/3 Systems.

Distributing and Activating the Transport Route Configuration

When all checks have been completed, you can distribute the configuration.

To do this, choose Configuration ® Distribute.

You are asked to enter your user ID and password in all R/3 Systems connected.

After distributing the configuration, you can activate it. There are 2 different methods:

The configuration status of all R/3 Systems is displayed.

To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

To activate the configuration, choose Configuration ® Activate ® In all systems.

SAP recommends activating the configuration centrally from the controller to ensure that you are shown the current configuration status of all R/3 Systems on the controller.

Special Features in Multilevel Forwarding

The options for configuring transport routes were expanded.

Up till now, only recipient systems could be defined for consolidation systems. A transport route could therefore only have two stages: A transport route could therefore only have two stages:

  1. Development system ® Quality assurance system
  2. Quality assurance system ® Production system

The first stage is the consolidation route, the second the delivery route.

As of Release 4.0, there is multilevel forwarding. This allows you to define recipient systems for recipient systems.

The transport control program tp implements this function.

tp also allows multilevel forwarding in Release 3.1G. But because 3.1G is compatible with 3.0C, this function was deactivated in 3.1G.

If you would like to use "multilevel forwarding" although your R/3 System has a Release prior to 4.0A, you must note the following points: