Organizational Objects


Organizational Management’s object-oriented design provides you with a number of organizational objects that you can use to create an organizational structure. By using these objects, and establishing relationships between them, you create a hierarchy that matches your organizational structure.

The different elements of information that define an organizational plan are represented by objects. Different types of objects represent different classes of information. For example, the object type called organizational unit represents the different organizational entities that make up the organizational structure at your company. The object type work center represents the physical locations where jobs and positions are performed.


Objects do not simply co-exist within a plan. They are linked in a complex network showing the interdependencies within a company structure to provide a three-dimensional view of a company.

For example, a work center may be linked with different parts of an organization structure, such as a branch office or a division, indicating the location of the branch or division. Positions may be linked with different areas of an organization structure, identifying human resource requirements for an area of the structure. Tasks can be linked with particular positions.

All objects in a plan have an assigned lifespan, or validity period, allowing you to view and report on past or future situations, as well as present conditions.


An object consists of three components:

These you define when you create the object.

This you define as you create relationships.

These you define when you create infotypes.

Organizational Management Objects

The organizational objects that form the backbone of Organizational Management are:

A single plan can easily include 50 organizational units, 200 jobs, 2,000 positions,
5 work centers and 5,000 tasks, all with their own characteristics and attributes.

Organizational plans may also contain other objects, for example, cost centers and employees, that do not originate in Organizational Management. These objects are available only when you use other system products.

It is not mandatory to use all of these objects in your plan. You do not have to define work centers, for example, if you do not find them applicable. You do not have to identify tasks for jobs and positions. However, it is mandatory that you create and maintain organizational units.

The various processes used to maintain organizational objects – creating, changing, displaying, and so on – vary according to the method you are using to perform plan maintenance:

To maintain …

Use …

Organizational units

Detail Maintenance, Simple Maintenance, Structural Graphics


Detail Maintenance, Simple Maintenance, Structural Graphics


Detail Maintenance, Simple Maintenance, Structural Graphics


Detail Maintenance, Structural Graphics

Work centers

Detail Maintenance, Structural Graphics