ON CHANGE OF

ON Syntax Diagram

Addition:

... OR f1

Effect

Executes the processing block enclosed by the "ON CHANGE OF f" and "ENDON" statements whenever the contents of the field f change (control break processing).

Normally, you use the statement to manipulate database fields during GET events or SELECT /ENDSELECT processing.

Note

There are special control structures for processing control breaks in LOOPs on internal tables or extract datasets ( AT ).

ON CHANGE OF is unsuitable for recognizing control levels in loops of this type because it always creates a global auxiliary field which is used to check for changes. This global auxiliary field is only changed in the relevant ON CHANGE OF statement. It is not reset when the processing enters loops or subroutines, so unwanted effects can occur if the loop or subroutine is executed again. Also, since it is set to its initial value when created (like any other field), any ON CHANGE OF processing will be executed after the first test, unless the contents of the field concerned happen to be identical to the initial value.

Example

TABLES T100. 
SELECT * FROM T100 WHERE SPRSL = SY-LANGU AND 
						 MSGNR < '010' 
				 ORDER BY PRIMARY KEY. 
  ON CHANGE OF T100-ARBGB. 
	ULINE. 
	WRITE: / '***', T100-ARBGB, '***'. 
  ENDON. 
  WRITE: / T100-MSGNR, T100-TEXT. 
ENDSELECT.

Displays all messages with their numbers in the logon language, provided the number is less than '010'.
Each time the message class changes, it is output.

Effect

Also executes the code whenever the contents of the field f1 changes.
You can use this addition several times.

Example

* Logical database F1S 
TABLES: SPFLI, SFLIGHT, SBOOK. 
GET SBOOK. 
  ON CHANGE OF SPFLI-CARRID   OR 
			 SPFLI-CONNID   OR 
			 SFLIGHT-FLDATE. 
 
	ULINE. 
	WRITE: /5 SPFLI-CARRID, SPFLI-CONNID, 
			5 SFLIGHT-FLDATE, SPFLI-FLTIME, 
			5 SFLIGHT-SEATSMAX, SFLIGHT-SEATSOCC. 
  ENDON. 
  WRITE: / SBOOK-CUSTOMID.

The code between ON CHANGE OF and ENDON is executed only if at least one of the fields SPFLI-CARRID, SPFLI-CONNID or SFLIGHT-FLDATE has changed, i.e. there is a different flight connection (which also has bookings).

Between ON CHANGE OF and ENDON, you can use ELSE for case distinction.

Related

AT - control breaks with internal tables
AT - control breaks with extracts