In this IMG activity, you define rules for assessing business process costs to Profitability Analysis. These rules are stored as so-called "cycles".
Prerequisite for this is that Activity-Based Costing has been activated for operational controlling.
The types of Profitability Analysis activated in the step "Maintain operating concern" determine how cycles need to be maintained. During execution, the control indicator of the controlling area determines which types of Profitability Analysis are to be updated. In costing-based Profitability Analysis, the costs are assigned to value fields of the operating concern. In account-based Profitability Analysis, the costs are posted to an account.
The first time you execute a cycle, the system automatically initializes the tables required for business process assessment. Consequently, it may take a bit longer the first time.
You must have set up automatic number assignment for record type "D" before you can assess business process costs to profitability segments. For the credit postings, the CO activity KSPA must be assigned to a group with internal number assignment.
Create an assessment cycle as follows:
If you distribute on the basis of variable shares, the tracing factors of the receivers can be weighted by means of factors. However, this function should only be used if the number of the possible receivers is smaller than 10,000.
To define a group, enter the group name into the corresponding selection field and choose "Extras -> Create/change group". The created groups are linked to table CE7xxxx (xxxx = operating concern).
Groups can also be processed using the transactions for set maintenance.
In addition, groups created in Activity-Based Costing or Cost Center Accounting can be used for the "Business process" and "Cost element" fields.
When you specify the allocation base, make sure that the controlling area of the receiver is the same as that of the sender. Thus, the "controlling area" characteristic must have been planned in online planning if you want to assess on the basis of plan data.
Cycles you defined for plan assessment cannot be used for actual assessment. These must be created separately. However, plan cycles can be copied to create actual cycles.