In this step, you set up derivation of characteristic
Derivation lets you find values for certain characteristics
automatically based on the known values of other characteristics,
where these characteristics are logically dependent on one
1. When you assign postings manually
to a profitability segment, it is usually only necessary to enter
values for a few characteristics. The system can then derive other
characteristic values that are required in Profitability
2. External applications can often
only supply values for some of the characteristics in Profitability
Analysis, since not all of them contain information that is
relevant there. Derivation supplies the unspecified characteristic
values on the basis of known ones.
Source field Target field / Source field Target field
Product -> Product range -> Division
Customer -> Customer group
Representative -> Represent. group -> Sales region
Derivation strategy and derivation steps
The derivation strategy consists of a series of derivation
steps, in which individual characteristic values are derived from
the values of other characteristics. Each of these steps represents
a derivation method by which target fields are derived from source
fields. The source fields are characteristics whose values are
known and used to derive the target fields, which are the
characteristics whose values are derived. Each step represents a
logical relationship between the target and source fields.
You can use any of the following derivation methods:
Derivation rules are "If->then" rules that consist of
combinations of source fields and the corresponding target
Table lookups are used to look up individual records in any table.
The source fields correspond to the key of a table which contains
the target fields in its data part.
A "move" moves the content of any source field or a constant into
the target field.
If you use characteristics in your operating concern to represent
levels of a customer hierarchy, these characteristics are
automatically filled with the customer hierarchy transferred from
Sales and Distribution (SD) together with the sales order or
billing document. Otherwise, you need to derive these
characteristics by creating a derivation step "Customer hierarchy".
Here you need to specify the customer hierarchy category that is
used in SD.
The standard enhancement "COPA0001", component 003, lets you define
your own derivation logic. You can use this enhancement anywhere --
even more than once -- in the derivation strategy. For more
information, see the documentation on the enhancement.