Here you can assign the components of a cost component structure from Product Cost Controlling to the value fields of your operating concern. Note that you need to maintain separate value field assignments
for each point of valuation in Profitability Analysis (CO-PA).
You can divide the cost components into fixed and variable parts before transferring them to CO-PA.
For each cost estimate, you can transfer any
number of cost components to the same value field (n:1
relationship). The values from these cost components are then added
together in the value field.
Each cost component structure in Product Cost Controlling can be assigned up to six different value field assignments. Each assignment is defined by the value fields entered in the fields Field name 1 through Field name 6.
Different value field assignments are interesting when you want to store values using multiple valuation methods in parallel. You can transfer the results of up to six different cost estimates to Profitability Analysis at the same time.
If you have assigned your costing keys to products or material types , you can use up to three costing keys by maintaining the corresponding assignment tables.
If you have assigned costing keys to
other characteristics , you can maintain your own assignment tables to assign up to six different valuation methods at the same time.
When you use product costing to valuate data in CO-PA, the system first determines the costing keys that are relevant for valuation. Then it reads the cost estimates specified using the parameters stored there.
For the cost estimate accessed, the system lines up the cost
components of the cost component structure for that cost estimate
to the value fields stored in the column that
corresponds to the position of the costing key in the relevant
assignment table. For the costing key in the First costing
key field, the value fields assignment is that defined in
the first value field column (the column
Field name 1). The same applies for columns 2
through 3 (2 through six if you have assigned the costing keys to
other characteristics than the material or material
Take a costing key that is assigned to a product (
Cstg 1) or material type ( Cstg 1) in the column "First costing key (CO-PA). For this costing key, the value fields maintained here in the column "Field name 1" receive the values from the cost components in the structure that is relevant for the cost estimate used.
Assume that product MAT01 is assigned to costing keys I01 and I02 for point of valuation 01 and record type F:
PV RecT Product Valid to Cstg 1 Cstg 2 Cstg 3
01 F MAT01 31.12.1999 I01 I02
You want to assign the raw material costs found using costing key I01 to the CO-PA value field VV001, and the raw material costs found using costing key I02 to the value field VV002. In both cases, you want to transfer the sum of fixed and variable costs.
If the cost component for raw materials has the number 001 in the cost component layout being used here, you need to define the following assignment:
PV CCp Name F/V Field name 1 Field name 2 Field name3
01 001 Raw mat. 3 VV001 VV002
Assign the components of the cost component structure to the value fields in your operating concern. Remember the you may need to maintain entries in this table for more than one point of valuation.
For detailed information on cost component structures, see Customizing for Product Cost Controlling under "Basic Settings -> Define cost components".
To get to the screen "Assignment: Organizational Units to Cost Component Structure", choose the icon "Next page" from the screen "Define cost components".
Before you can valuate using a
cost estimate for a material from Product Cost Planning, the valuation strategy you are using for a given point of valuation must be defined to allow this.
If you are valuating your data using more than one costing key, note that the system only fills value fields that are blank. Consequently, each value field can only be filled once, and existing values are never overwritten.
The system proceeds as follows to read the cost estimate: