Assign value fields

Here you can assign the components of a cost component structure from Product Cost Controlling to the value fields of your operating concern. Note that you need to maintain separate value field assignments

for each point of valuation in Profitability Analysis (CO-PA).

You can divide the cost components into fixed and variable parts before transferring them to CO-PA.

For each cost estimate, you can transfer any number of cost components to the same value field (n:1 relationship). The values from these cost components are then added together in the value field.

Each cost component structure in Product Cost Controlling can be assigned up to six different value field assignments. Each assignment is defined by the value fields entered in the fields Field name 1 through Field name 6.

Different value field assignments are interesting when you want to store values using multiple valuation methods in parallel. You can transfer the results of up to six different cost estimates to Profitability Analysis at the same time.

If you have assigned your costing keys to products or material types , you can use up to three costing keys by maintaining the corresponding assignment tables.

If you have assigned costing keys to

other characteristics , you can maintain your own assignment tables to assign up to six different valuation methods at the same time.

When you use product costing to valuate data in CO-PA, the system first determines the costing keys that are relevant for valuation. Then it reads the cost estimates specified using the parameters stored there.

For the cost estimate accessed, the system lines up the cost components of the cost component structure for that cost estimate to the value fields stored in the column that corresponds to the position of the costing key in the relevant assignment table. For the costing key in the First costing key field, the value fields assignment is that defined in the first value field column (the column Field name 1). The same applies for columns 2 through 3 (2 through six if you have assigned the costing keys to other characteristics than the material or material type).

Example

Take a costing key that is assigned to a product (

Cstg 1) or material type ( Cstg 1) in the column "First costing key (CO-PA). For this costing key, the value fields maintained here in the column "Field name 1" receive the values from the cost components in the structure that is relevant for the cost estimate used.

Assume that product MAT01 is assigned to costing keys I01 and I02 for point of valuation 01 and record type F:

 PV   RecT   Product	Valid to	 Cstg 1	Cstg 2   Cstg 3
 01   F	MAT01	31.12.1999   I01	 I02

You want to assign the raw material costs found using costing key I01 to the CO-PA value field VV001, and the raw material costs found using costing key I02 to the value field VV002. In both cases, you want to transfer the sum of fixed and variable costs.

If the cost component for raw materials has the number 001 in the cost component layout being used here, you need to define the following assignment:

 PV   CCp   Name		F/V  Field name 1  Field name 2  Field name3
 01   001   Raw mat.	 3	VV001		 VV002 

Activities

Assign the components of the cost component structure to the value fields in your operating concern. Remember the you may need to maintain entries in this table for more than one point of valuation.

Note

For detailed information on cost component structures, see Customizing for Product Cost Controlling under "Basic Settings -> Define cost components".

To get to the screen "Assignment: Organizational Units to Cost Component Structure", choose the icon "Next page" from the screen "Define cost components".

Further notes

Before you can valuate using a

cost estimate for a material from Product Cost Planning, the valuation strategy you are using for a given point of valuation must be defined to allow this.

If you are valuating your data using more than one costing key, note that the system only fills value fields that are blank. Consequently, each value field can only be filled once, and existing values are never overwritten.

The system proceeds as follows to read the cost estimate:

1. First, it checks whether one or more costing keys have been assigned explicitly to the product being valuated. If this is the case, the system uses these explicitly assigned costing keys for the valuation.
2. If no costing key has been assigned to the product, the system checks whether the any costing keys have been assigned to the material class to which the product belongs. If this is the case, it reads these costing keys only to valuate the line item.
3. If no costing keys have been assigned to the product or the material class, the system tries to find a costing key assigned to a combination of other characteristics. If no costing key is found here either, the system cannot valuate the product using a cost estimate.
Likewise, no valuation can take place if an entry exists in the corresponding assignment tables for the product or material class but no costing key has been assigned.