Define Costing Variants

Costing variants contain all necessary control parameters for costing.

Costing variants form the link between the application and Customizing, since all cost estimates are carried out and saved with reference to a costing variant.

Costing variants allow you to define how costing is carried out. Among other things, they control how the quantity structure or the value structure is created.

A costing variant contains the following control parameters:

Note

Although it is technically possible to have two costing variants with the same costing type and valuation variant, this should be avoided to prevent data from being overwritten.

The reason for this is that the key structure for the costing results in the database uses the costing type and the valuation variant, rather than the costing variant.

Control Parameters in the Costing Variant

The costing variant for cost estimates with quantity structure also determines the following:

You have the following options:
Messages only appear individually in the status bar. The Log function is inactive.
Messages are logged and can be sent to the person responsible for correcting the error.
Messages are logged. The log can be saved.
Messages are logged, but the log cannot be saved.
You have the following options:
The costing lot size in the material master record is used when costing all materials in a low-level code. If materials (such as semifinished products) are used in materials (such as finished products) of the next-highest low-level code, the costing results are converted to the costing lot size of the material costed (in this case, the finished product) to calculate the costs for the finished product.
If you want to use a costing run, you must choose this option.
In the MRP 1 view in the material master record, you can specify that a material is planned with individual requirements . If a material with this requirements type is used in another material, costing will be carried out on the basis of the costing lot size of the highest material.
In this case, all materials in a multiple BOM are costed on the basis of the costing lot size of the highest material.
This function is mainly used in
sales order costing.
You have the following options:
You cannot manually enter cost components for this costing variant. If you want to transfer existing costing data under this costing variant, any existing manual cost components will be ignored.
You can manually enter cost components for this costing variant and transfer them into other cost estimates.
You can manually enter cost components for this costing variant and calculate overhead on the basis of these costs.
The cost component split is always updated. You must specify whether the following values are also updated:

You can also specify whether the user can change the update parameters and the parameters for transfer control.

Requirements

If you want to use your own parameters, you must carry out the following steps:

If you want to work with an error log, you must already have carried out the following steps:

If you want to work with additive costs, you must check the definition of the cost components in the following step:

If you want to use reference variants, you must process the following step:

Standard Settings

The standard system contains a number of predefined costing variants. To check what parameters are linked to these costing variants, use the Check settings function or choose the Check costing variants function in the detail screen.

A standard cost estimate calculates the standard costs for a semifinished or finished product. Costing type 01 specifies that the results of this cost estimate are written to the material master as the standard price, and thus can be used to valuate inventories.
Costing variant PPC1 specifies valuation variant 001, quantity structure determination ID PC01, and date control PC01. No transfer control takes place.
You create a
modified standard costestmate when the data for costing have changed within a planning period. Costing type 12 specifies that the results of this cost estimate are used only for informational purposes.
Costing variant PPC2 specifies valuation variant 009, quantity structure determination PC01, and date control PC05.
You create a current cost estimate when you want to make a decision based on the current price of the material. Costing type 13 specifies that the results of this cost estimate are used only for informational purposes. As an alternative, you can set the indicator Prices other than standard price in the costing type so that the results of this cost estimate can be written to the material master as a planned price.
Costing variant PPC3 specifies valuation variant 009, quantity structure determination PC01, and date control PC04.
The
version-specific cost estimate calculates the planned costs on the basis of the quantity structure of the production version. Costing type 19 means that this cost estimate is only for repetitive manufacturing.
Costing variant PREM specifies valuation variant 001, quantity structure determination PC01, transfer control PC02, and date control PC01.

There are no standard settings for the inventory cost estimate.

SAP recommendation

You should assign a different valuation variant to each costing variant with which you intend to save cost estimates.

This one-to-one assignment enables you to change the valuation strategies later as required.

Actions

Decide whether the costing variants provided in the standard system meet your requirements.

To create a new costing variant (such as for inventory costing):

1. Enter an alphanumerical key and a name for the costing variant.
2. Assign the following parameters to the costing variant:
3. Define the following:
4. Define the following: