Define Overhead Groups

In this step you create overhead groups so that you can define conditions in the costing sheet for the calculation of overhead that apply only to certain finished or semifinished products.

These conditions are linked to overhead keys. The overhead key is selected through an overhead group specified in the material master record of the material to be costed.

The overhead groups can also be used to select a process template for the allocation of process costs. The process template is selected using the combination of costing sheet and overhead key.


Suppose you want to apply an overhead rate of 10% to one group of materials and an overhead rate of 20% to another group of materials. To do this, you create two overhead groups and two overhead keys:

Overhead group Overhead key Percentage
SAP10 SAP10 10%
SAP20 SAP20 20%

You enter overhead group SAP10 in the master records of the materials in the first group, and overhead group SAP20 in the master records of all materials in the second group.

The costing sheet for overhead calculation is selected through the valuation variant . You create two lines in this costing sheet. In the first line, you link the percentage 10% to the overhead key SAP10. In the second line you link the percentage 20% to the overhead key SAP20.


You must carry out the following step:


1. To create an overhead key:
a) Choose New entries.
b) Enter an alphanumerical key for the overhead group.
c) Enter a name for the overhead group.
d) Assign the overhead group to an overhead key.
2. Enter the overhead groups in the relevant material master records.

Further notes

The costing sheet for the sales order is proposed through the requirements class. This costing sheet can be transferred to the assigned production orders if the Copy costing sheet indicator in the requirements class is turned on.

For sales order costing with product costing, note the following: