Settlement

Here you define parameters for settlement . Settlement passes the actual costs assigned to the order to one or more receivers (normally the material being manufactured). The variances between the original inventory valuation and the actual costs are passed to Financial Accounting, Profit Center Accounting and Profitability Analysis.

In addition, when you settle, the work in process is passed to Financial Accounting and Profit Center Accounting. Work in process is always settled by period.

Full Settlement

Full settlement is used for production orders and process orders in the Product Cost by Order component.

Each goods receipt results in a preliminary valuation of the inventory.

When the order is completed (status delivered), settlement performs the following functions:

The settlement rule for this settlement is generated from the default rule PP1 for the relevant plant in the parameters that depend on the order type.

Depending on the price control, the system debits either the balance sheet account (price control indicator "V") or a price difference account (price control indicator "S") with the difference during settlement. The material account determination determines the primary cost element (such as for semifinished products or finished products) under which the credit is updated on the order.

In standard cost accounting, this difference is analyzed in variance calculation and a second posting is made for the variances in Profitability Analysis.

If the order does not have the status Delivered at the end of the period, you can calculate the work in process and make postings for the work in process in Financial Accounting when you settle. From period to period you calculate the change against the previous period using WIP calculation and settle the amount of the change to Financial Accounting.

For full settlement, you specify the default rule PP1 in the parameters that depend on the order type for the relevant plant.

Periodic Settlement

Periodic settlement is used for runs schedule headers and for cost object hierarchies in the Product Cost by Period component. It can be used for production orders and process orders in the Product Cost by Order component.

A preliminary valuation of the inventory takes place with every goods receipt.

At the end of the period, the run schedule header carries both variances and the cost of the work in process.

At the end of the period, settlement can:

For periodic settlement, you specify default rule PP2 in the parameters that depend on the order type for the relevant plant.

You can use full settlement and periodic settlement for the settlement receiver "material" for materials that are:

Joint Production

In joint production, an order item is created for each co-product . All actual costs for the order are collected with reference to the order (order header). All goods receipts for the co-products are assigned to the relevant order items.

At the end of the period, settlement is carried out in two steps:

These equivalence numbers are specified in an apportionment structure in the material master record or in the materials list of the primary product or process material, and passed on to the settlement rule in the order header. This settlement is always made according to the original cost element.

No variances are calculated in joint production.

Sales-Order-Related Production

If you are using a valuated sales order stock in sales-order-related production, the flow of quantities and values is the same as in make-to-stock production.

If you are using a

nonvaluated sales order stock in sales-order-related production, goods movements are not valuated. Instead, the costs are settled to the sales order and then to Profitability Analysis. No variances are calculated.

The settlement rule for the production order is generated using the default rule PP1 (full settlement) in the parameters that depend on the order type.

The settlement rule for the sales order is generated automatically if Profitability Analysis is active. If Profitability Analysis is not active, you must manually create a settlement rule to a G/L account.

You can specify in the

settlement structure whether the settlement to the sales order should be made under the original cost element or under a settlement cost element.

If you are using a nonvaluated sales order stock, you can only use full settlement. At the end of the period, the costs are settled from the production orders and process orders assigned to the sales document item to the sales document item. The inventory values are calculated on the sales document item when you carry out results analysis. You then settle the inventory values calculated in results analysis to Financial Accounting and Profit Center Accounting.

Settlement Parameters

Settlement requires a settlement rule for the order. When the order is created, the system generates a settlement rule from the default rule in the parameters that depend on the order type:

This settlement rule determines the settlement receiver (such as a material or sales order). The settlement rule is linked to the following parameters:

Standard settings

The standard system contains settlement profiles, settlement structures, source structures, and PA transfer structures.

If you want to use these parameters, do the following:

If the predefined parameters do not meet your requirements, you can change the existing parameters or create new ones.

The following settlement profiles are provided in the standard system:

This settlement profile allows settlement to a material, G/L account, cost center, order, project, or sales order. The profile is suitable for make-to-stock production, repetitive manufacturing, and sales-order-related production.
This settlement profile allows settlement to a material, G/L account, cost center, order, project, sales order, cost object, or order item.
You can use this settlement profile in joint production and to settle price differences with a cost object hierarchy.
This settlement profile allows settlement to a material, G/L account, cost center, order, project, sales order, cost object, or order item.
You can use this settlement profile in joint production and to settle price differences using a cost object hierarchy.
This settlement profile allows settlement to a G/L account or profitability segment. It settles the costs and revenues or the results analysis data on a sales order to Profitability Analysis.
This settlement profile is only used with CO-relevant sales orders (normally account assignment category E).
This settlement profile allows settlement to a G/L account, cost center, order, profitability segment, and cost object. It settles the costs of a cost object hierarchy.

The settlement profiles are linked to the settlement structure A1 . This settlement structure must contain all the cost elements to be settled. If you do not settle to a material, you must also specify whether settlement should be made under a settlement cost element or under the original cost element.

If you want to pass variances with these settlement profiles to Profitability Analysis, you must do the following:

To define different equivalence numbers in joint production depending on the type of cost (such as material costs or production costs), you must create a source structure and specify it in the apportionment structure of the material master record.

Note the following in the

Product Cost by Sales Order component:

If you want to make postings for the work in process in Financial Accounting, you must do the following:

Actions

To be able to use the parameters in the standard system, you must:

1. Check which settlement profile was entered in the order type.
2. Check which settlement structure is proposed as a default through this settlement profile.
3. Check whether all cost elements to be settled are listed in this settlement structure.
4. If necessary, define a source structure and a PA transfer structure and assign them to the settlement profile.

Additional Information

Report 6000 shows the results of settlement. To be able to use this report in a client other than client 0, you must import the report into the current client. You do this using the import functions in Customizing for Product Cost Controlling.