Costing variants contain control parameters for cost estimates without quantity structure.
Costing variants form the link between the application and Customizing, since all cost estimates are created and saved with reference to a costing variant.
The costing variant determines how the cost estimate is calculated. For example, it determines how the costing items are valuated and whether the system should search for existing cost estimates.
For cost estimates without a quantity structure, the costing variant uses the following parameters:
Although it is technically possible to have two costing variants with the same costing type and valuation variant, this should be avoided to prevent data from being overwritten.
The reason for this is that the key structure for the costing results in the database uses the costing type and the valuation variant, and not the costing variant.
If you want to use your own parameters, you must carry out the following steps:
If you want to use reference variants, you must carry out the following step:
The standard system contains a number of predefined costing variants. To see what parameters are linked to these costing variants, use the function Check settings, or choose Check costing variant in the detail screen.
There are no standard settings for the inventory cost estimate.
You should assign a different valuation variant to each costing variant with which you intend to save cost estimates.
This one-to-one assignment enables you to change the valuation strategies later as needed.
Decide whether the costing variants provided in the standard system meet your requirements.
To create a new costing variant, such as for the inventory cost estimate, proceed as follows:
The costing variants can be used for cost estimates with quantity structure as well as for cost estimates without a quantity structure.