Define Costing Variants

Costing variants contain control parameters for cost estimates without quantity structure.

Costing variants form the link between the application and Customizing, since all cost estimates are created and saved with reference to a costing variant.

The costing variant determines how the cost estimate is calculated. For example, it determines how the costing items are valuated and whether the system should search for existing cost estimates.

For cost estimates without a quantity structure, the costing variant uses the following parameters:

Note

Although it is technically possible to have two costing variants with the same costing type and valuation variant, this should be avoided to prevent data from being overwritten.

The reason for this is that the key structure for the costing results in the database uses the costing type and the valuation variant, and not the costing variant.

Requirements

If you want to use your own parameters, you must carry out the following steps:

If you want to use reference variants, you must carry out the following step:

Standard Settings

The standard system contains a number of predefined costing variants. To see what parameters are linked to these costing variants, use the function Check settings, or choose Check costing variant in the detail screen.

The standard cost estimate calculates the standard cost for a semifinished or finished product. Costing type 01 means that the results of this cost estimate are written to the material master as the standard price and can be used to valuate the inventory.
Costing variant PPC1 specifies valuation variant 001 and date control PC01. No transfer control takes place.
You create a
modified standard cost estimate when the data used for costing has changed during the period. Costing type 12 means that the results of this cost estimate are only for informational purposes.
Costing variant PPC2 specifies valuation variant 009 and date control PC05.
You create a current cost estimate when you need to make a decision based on the current price of the material. Costing type 13 means that the results of this cost estimate are only for informational purposes. You can also set the indicator Prices other than standard price in the costing type to specify that the results of this cost estimate can be transferred to the material master as a planned price.
Costing variant PPC3 specifies valuation variant 009 and date control PC04.

There are no standard settings for the inventory cost estimate.

SAP recommendation

You should assign a different valuation variant to each costing variant with which you intend to save cost estimates.

This one-to-one assignment enables you to change the valuation strategies later as needed.

Actions

Decide whether the costing variants provided in the standard system meet your requirements.

To create a new costing variant, such as for the inventory cost estimate, proceed as follows:

1. Choose New entries.
2. Enter an alphanumeric key and a name for the costing variant.
3. Assign the following parameters to the costing variant:

The costing variants can be used for cost estimates with quantity structure as well as for cost estimates without a quantity structure.

1. For a cost estimate with quantity structure, you must also specify the following:
You should do this even if you want to use the costing variant only for cost estimates without a quantity structure.