You can use a given template for
multiple cost objects. During valuation, a search strategy
determines dynamically which process template is used.
Variable definition of business processes
You can define methods with which you
can dynamically determine the processes during valuation.
Variable definition of process quantities
With formulas, you can determine the
quantity of a process used by a cost object.
Separate activation/deactivation of individual rows (items) in
the process template
If individual processes apply only to
certain cost objects, you can activate or deactivate them using
methods. Valuation of the process template uses active items
Variable allocation events for business processes
For cross-period orders, you can
allocate the individual processes at times when they are actually
used. This is necessary in order to allow a correct calculation of
WIP (work in process) because processes are not confirmed by period
during plant data collection.
Use of sub-templates
You can define a process sequence
required in multiple process templatesonce and then use it again as
Layout of a process template
A process template consists of rows (items) and columns. The
Either you predefine the values in the columns or you define
mathematical formulas and methods, the values of which are
determined dynamically by the R/3 System during the valuation of
To create a process template, you must define business
processes. To use custom functions, you must create them in the
"Maintain Environment" IMG activity. For some functions, you must
maintain statistical key figures, material master records, bills of
material, routings, or other objects.
To maintain a process template, you have to edit an initial
screen and an overview screen, from which you branch to different
1. Enter the name of the process
template which you want to create or process.
2. Enter the environment of the
process template (such as cost object category).
1. Give a name to a new process
2. Select the category of the
3. Give a name to the item.
4. Specify the object (for example,
process) depending on the item category you specified. As an object
for the category "process", you can either predefine a process or
allow the R/3 System to determine it dynamically during
5. For items of the "Process"
category, specify how often it is used by the cost object. You can
either specify this quantity as a constant value allow the R/3
System to determine it dynamically during valuation.
6. Determine the preconditions that
activate the item.
To activate an item you can predefine
the values "active" or "inactive" or define a method which returns
"active" or "inactive" during valuation.
7. Determine the allocation
For detailed documentation on maintaining the process template,
see the extended help for the maintenance transaction.