Check Valuation Variants for Product Costing

Here you create a valuation variant that contains the parameters for the valuation of the quantity structure for sales order costing.

Sales order costing uses the following information:

The system creates a quantity structure from this data. The quantity structure contains the following information:

You create valuation strategies for the following objects in the quantity structure:

Here you define the sequence in which the system looks for prices in the accounting view and the costing view in the material master record to valuate the material.
Sales order costing currently does not take existing manually entered cost components into account.
Here you define the sequence in which the system looks for prices in activity type planning or actual activity price determination in Cost Center Accounting to valuate the internal activities.
You also specify which plan version in Cost Center Accounting is used.
Here you define the sequence in which the system looks for prices in the purchasing info record or in the operation in the routing to valuate the activity.
Here you define the sequence in which the system looks for prices in the purchasing info record. Purchasing uses quota arrangements to calculate a mixed price for materials produced by external vendors where the materials are supplied by the customer. You can specify whether the quota of the individual vendors that are entered in the source list for the material to be processed should be computed using the planned quota arrangement or the actual quota arrangement.
You can also specify whether overhead should be calculated for subcontracted materials.

Strategy sequences

You define the individual valuation rates of the valuation variant as strategy sequences. For valuation of the material components, for example, you define a strategy sequence that reads the fields in the material master record in the following sequence:

1. Planned price 1
2. Standard price
3. Moving average price

The first price that is not zero is used to valuate the material component.

To be able to use the valuation variant in the cost estimate, you must assign the valuation variant to a costing variant.

Overhead

The valuation variant can also play a role in the calculation of overhead . The overhead for the sales order item itself is calculated in a costing sheet that is proposed through the requirements class. For secondary requirements, the type of inventory management determines how the overhead is calculated:

Standard settings

The standard system contains a number of predefined price strategies.

You can modify the standard valuation variants to meet your requirements by changing the standard strategy sequences.

Activities

1. Enter an alphanumerical key and a name for the new valuation variant.
2. Define a valuation strategy for material components by entering up to five values as the search sequence.
3. Define a valuation strategy for internal activities by entering up to three values as the search sequence and assigning an appropriate plan version from cost center planning to this valuation variant.
4. Define a valuation strategy for external processing by entering up to three values as the search sequence.
5. Define a valuation strategy for subcontracting by entering up to three values as the search sequence.
6. Select a quota arrangement for subcontracting.
7. Assign the valuation variant to a costing variant.

Further notes

Product costing can also calculate the costs for materials that do not have a BOM or routing. Using the valuation variant, you could specify, for example, that for materials with moving average price control the system is to use a planned price from the costing view in the material master record.

Note

If you don't want to use the same valuation strategy or overhead rate in all the plants in a company code, you can define plant-dependent valuation variants by assigning valuation variants to particular plants. If you don't do this, the valuation variants will apply to all of your plants.