Define Reference Variants

In this step you define reference variants.

Reference variants allow you to create material cost estimates or costing runs based on the same quantity structure for the purpose of improving performance or making reliable comparisons.


The following examples illustrate situations where reference variants are useful:

Control of Reference Variant

In the definition of the reference variant you specify how the data should be transferred. You can enter a transfer control ID and specify that the following items should be revaluated:

You can also specify the following:

The reference variant is determined during costing through the costing variant.


The cost estimate that you want to reference must have an itemization . In the costing variant you can specify whether itemizations are saved.


1. Choose New entries.
2. Enter a transfer control if applicable, set the appropriate indicators, and enter a designation for the reference variant.
3. Save the table.
4. Assign the reference variant to the relevant costing variant:
Define costing variants for cost estimates with quantity structure
Define costing variants for cost estimates withoutquantity structure

Further notes

For more information on reference costing, see the R/3 Library under Controlling -> Product Cost Controlling -> Product Cost Planning -> Special Processing in Material Costing.