To enter a settlement rule and perform a settlement run in your application, you must first perform the following tasks:
Further explanations on settlement and on the SAP standard deliveries.
The following reports are used in settlement:
To be able to use these reports in a client other than client 0, you must first import them to the appropriate client.
For more information on importing reports, read the "Information System" chapter in the "CO - Product Cost Accounting" IMG.
In the Product Cost by Sales Order component, settlement serves the following purposes:
If you are using a valuated sales order stock, settlement transfers the inventory of delivered but not invoiced goods to Financial Accounting and Profit Center Accounting.
A settlement rule is generated for each sales order item that is flagged as carrying costs and revenues. You flag a sales order item as carrying costs and revenues in the account assignment category. See also Check account assignment categories.
The settlement receiver is normally a profitability segment. This profitability segment is created automatically from the characteristics in the sales order item (customer, material, and so forth).
The settlement profile is proposed through the requirements class. The default settlement structure and PA transfer structure are taken from this settlement profile. The standard system contains the settlement profile SD1 for this purpose.
You must also define posting rules for settlement to Financial Accounting.
Define posting rules for settlement to FI
With the nonvaluated sales order stock, the costs for the production orders assigned to this sales order item are settled to the sales order item at the end of the production process if you are using full settlement . This settlement uses secondary cost elements (internal accounting) because the sales order item is carried internally as a CO object. Results analysis for the sales order item takes these costs into account in each period.