Check Special Procurement Types

In this step, you define the special procurement keys which as well as the procurement type control the procurement and storage of a material. The special procurement type always refers to a procurement type.

You can now, also define how the system treats the material as a component during the BOM explosion using control indicators.

Example 1 (special procurement keys without other indicators)

The procurement type "external procurement" is defined for raw materials. If a material is to be procured via a consignment order, you assign the special procurement type "consignment" to the material in the material master record.

Example 2 (special procurement keys with other indicators)

A material appears in several BOMs as a component because it is assembled in finished products in in-house production. It is procured from an alternative plant if no dependent requirements exist for the material.

The same material, on the other hand, is also sold from stock to customers, who need the material as a replacement part, for example. In this case, the material can be procured by stock transfer because with planned independent requirements (customer requirements, in this case), procurement you cannot use withdrawal from an alternative plant.

You can do this by creating a special procurement key using the stock transfer special procurement type and by selecting the indicator for withdrawal from alternative plant. You assign this special procurement key to the appropriate material in the material master record.

Default Settings

The following special procurement types are defined in the SAP standard system:

For the procurement type, "in-house production"

A phantom assembly is a logical grouping of materials. These materials are grouped and managed together for a certain reason (for example, from the engineering point of view). However, a phantom assembly is not actually produced. Therefore, phantom assemblies pass the dependent requirements directly to the lower BOM level.
In this type of special procurement, material components are produced in a plant other than the planning plant.
If you want to use this special procurement type, you must maintain a special procurement key by choosing 'planning plant -> production plant' for each relationship.
In this type of special procurement, the material components are withdrawn in a different plant to the planning plant.
If you want to use this special procurement type, you must maintain a special procurement key per 'planning plant -> withdrawal plant' relationship.
This special procurement key is used to displace the stocking level of a BOM. If you use the planning strategy "planning without final assembly", the system only assemblies the assemblies that lie one BOM level below the finished product before any sales order has been received. If you want the stocking level to be even further down the BOM structure, the components receive the special procurement key "Phantom in planning". Assemblies with this special procurement key are not assemblies until sales orders at finished product level actually exist.

For the procurement type "External procurement".

You use this special procurement key to carry out consignment processing for a material. Consignment is a business process in which the vendor provides material at the customer. The costs are incurred by the vendor.
You use this special procurement type to carry out subcontracting with a material.
In subcontracting, components are staged at an external vendor and are used to produce the required assemblies.
Here, materials are ordered from the receiving plant and are delivered by the delivering plant. The requirement is determined in the receiving plant.
If you want to use this special procurement type, you must maintain a special procurement key per 'receiving plant -> delivering plant' relationship.
In this type of special procurement, material components are withdrawn from a different plant to the planning plant.
If you want to use this special procurement type, you must maintain a special procurement key per "planning plant -> withdrawal plant" relationship.

Actions

Checking the special procurement key

If you want to procure a material that is a BOM component in a way other than those in the standard special procurement types, you can define a special procurement type by selecting the following fields:

If you use storage location MRP and production or procurement is carried out directly for the storage location, you must create the following special procurement key:

Further notes

The special procurement type is assigned in the material master record per material.

The procurement type is defined in Customizing for the material master record, in the type. This means that every material is assigned the appropriate procurement type when creating its material master record.

If you have selected the Phantom item field or direct production field for a special procurement key but you want to switch off this procurement type for a certain BOM item, select the appropriate key in the BOM item in the explosion type field. To maintain the explosion type in Customizing for the Bill of Material, choose Item Data -> Define explosion types.

Activities for Costing

If you want to cost a material as an externally procured material by ignoring its quantity structure, you have the following options:

If you want to cost a material by ignoring its BOM but including its routing, you must create a new special procurement type in Customizing for special procurement types (procurement type: E and special procurement type: E) and enter that special procurement type in the Costing view of the material's master record.