Overhead

This section tells you how to define all the parameters which control the determination of overheads for orders, projects, products etc.

Overheads are used to pass on costs to cost centers which do not directly reference the activity used. This way you can, for example, distribute the costs from a warehouse cost center to orders for which material was taken from the relevant warehouse.

Overhead calculation differs from internal activity allocation in that you cannot express cost center output in quantities. Instead, the costs for the cost center are passed on to orders, projects products etc.

The tracing factor for the overhead calculation can be either the amount of particular direct costs (such as direct material costs for a production order) or a total of direct costs and overhead >cost of goods manufactured.

In addition, you can calculate percentage or quantity-based overhead leading to an actual credit being posted to a cost center and a debit to the order, project etc.

You can use this function to calculate both plan and actual overhead, and overhead for the commitment.

The parameters for determining overhead are combined in a costing sheet . Overheads are only determined for objects, for which a costing sheet is maintained. (See workstep Define costing sheet)

Standard Settings

The standard SAP system contains various costing sheets. You can use these as reference models for defining your own costing sheets.

To work with these costing sheets, you must:

If the preconfigured calculation bases, overheads and credits are not enough for your requirements, you can create new ones or change the existing ones.

The SAP standard system contains the following costing sheets:

You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions in the sheet are controlling area -dependent. In this sheet, you can determine plan, actual and commitment overhead.
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions for the overhead determination are dependent on the overhead keys you enter in the orders, projects etc. This means that you can create separate keys for each project or for particular products or orders. You can determine plan or actual overhead.
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions in the sheet depend on the plant . You can determine plan or actual overhead and can use this sheet as the base for entering different overhead conditions for each plant in your business.
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions in the sheet depend on the company code . You can determine plan or actual overhead and can use this sheet as the base for entering different overhead conditions for each company code in your business.
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions in the sheet depend on the business area . You can determine plan or actual overhead and can use this sheet as the base for entering different overhead conditions for each business area in your business.
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions in the sheet depend on the order type . You can determine plan or actual overhead and can use this sheet as the base for calculating overhead dependent on the purpose of the order (capital investment measure, production order, service order).
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. The conditions in the sheet depend on the order category. You can determine plan or actual overhead and can use this sheet as the base for calculating overhead in orders, to make overhead conditions dependent on the technical character of the order (PP order, PM order etc.).
You can use this costing sheet to determine material and production overhead. This sheet is usually used to determine the production costs for a product. The conditions in the sheet depend on the controlling area. You can determine plan, actual and commitment overhead.
You can use this costing sheet to determine material, production, administration and sales overhead. This sheet is usually used to determine the cost of goods sold for a product. The conditions in the sheet depend on the controlling area. You can determine plan, actual and commitment overhead.