A costing variant contains all control parameters for unit costing for cost object IDs.
In unit costing you can plan costs for the creation of immaterial goods. These costs can later be compared with the actual costs.
The costing variant represents the link between the application and Customizing, since all cost estimates are carried out and saved with reference to a costing variant.
The costing variant determines how costing is carried out. It controls what prices are used to valuate the materials, internal activities and external activities.
A costing variant contains the following parameters among others:
Although it is technically possible to have two costing variants with the same costing type and valuation variant, this should be avoided to prevent data from being overwritten.
The reason for this is that the key structure for the costing results in the database uses the costing type and the valuation variant, rather than the costing variant.
The standard system provides the predefined costing variant PCO3. This costing variant points to costing type 14 and valuation variant 008.
You should assign a different valuation variant to each costing variant with which you intend to save cost estimates.
This one-to-one assignment enables you to change the valuation strategies later as required.
With the cost object catagory, you define whether costs can be planned in unit costing. The costing variant is proposed through the cost object profile.
Carry out the following steps:
Costs can be planned in unit costing only for cost object IDs whose cost object category specifies a cumulative time base.