Product Cost by Sales
Here you define the control parameters that affect
Product Cost by Sales Order
In Product Cost by Sales Order, costs are normally collected on
sales order items. (See also Sales and Distribution)
If you are not using the Sales and Distribution component (SD),
you can collect the costs in make-to-order production on an
internal order. (See Internal Orders)
If you are using the Project System (PS), you can collect the
costs on a project. (See Project Management)
This is recommended for highly
complex and long-term make-to-order environments.
For each sales order item, you can plan the cost of goods
manufactured or the cost of goods sold. The costing results can be
used as a basis for pricing in the SD component.
To be able to plan costs for sales orders, you must do the
Define a costing variant and a valuation variant.
Define a costing sheet for the calculation of overhead
Make sure that the MRP group in the MRP 1 view of the material
master record specifies a requirements class that has account
assignment category "E" (make-to-order) and that allows
In the requirements class, use the "Costing" indicator to
specify that costing is allowed or updated and whether the planned
costs are updated.
In the requirements class, you also specify whether your sales
order stock should be
valuated with the "Valuation" indicator.
Results analysis at the end of the period is only required if
you are using a nonvaluated sales order stock.
To carry out results analysis, you must do the following:
Define a results analysis key
The results analysis key controls
whether an object is selected for results analysis or WIP
calculation. The results analysis key is defined as a separate
default value for each requirements class.
Define a results analysis version
The results analysis version
determines which of the results analysis versions are relevant to
settlement. This is particularly important in multiple
Choose a valuation method
The valuation method controls which formula is used to
calculate the results analysis data.
To be able to settle the results analysis data to Profitability
Analysis, you must define a PA transfer structure that assigns the
results analysis data to value fields.
To be able to settle the
capitalized costs and the reserves to
Financial Accounting, you must:
revenue in excess of billings
Set the indicator "Financial Accounting" in the results
The posting rules assign the results
analysis cost elements under which the
results analysis data
is updated on the order to G/L
accounts (such as the finished products inventory or the reserves
for unrealized costs (balance sheet) and the inventory change
account or the expense account for reserves (P+L)).
To be able to view data in the information system, you must make
certain settings in Customizing for the Information System. See
for Product Cost Controlling). Information
If the total number of sales order items is 100,000 or more
(plus orders), read Note 45290 in OSS. If you have no access to
OSS, contact the SAP Hotline.