The Relationship Infotype (1001)


The Relationship infotype allows you to define the relationships between the different objects you use.


You indicate that a employee or user holds a position by creating a relationship infotype record between the position and the employee or user. You help identify the organizational structure at your firm by creating relationship infotype records between the different organizational units. You identify the tasks that the holder of a position must perform by creating relationship infotype records between individual tasks and a position.

Defining and maintaining relationship infotype records is an essential part of setting up information in Organizational Management. Without relationships, all you have are isolated pieces of information.

You must decide the types of relationship records you require.

You must manually create relationship records when you work in Detail Maintenance. However, when you work in Simple Maintenance and Structural Graphics, the system creates certain relationship infotype records.


There are many types of possible relationships between different objects. Each individual relationship is actually a subtype, or a category, of a relationship.

Certain relationships apply only to certain objects. When you create relationship infotype records, you must select a relationship that is suitable for the two objects involved. For example, a relationship that can be applied to two organizational units might not make any sense for a work center and a job.

The RHRELAT0 report (Allowed Relationships of Object Types) documents the relationships that are suitable for different objects. The Relationship infotype screen also includes an Allow.Relationships option. When this is chosen, a dialog box displays a list of suitable relationships.

Organizational Management includes a predefined set of relationships. You can select from these, or you can create other relationships. Refer to the Personnel Planning and Development section of the Implementation Guide.

You can create and update numerous relationship records for a single object. One organizational unit might have relationship records with several other organizational units, numerous positions, and a work center.


There is a benefit to defining relationship infotype records. You can achieve sophisticated reporting effects by focusing a report on certain relationships among objects in an organizational plan.

To report on certain relationships between objects, name the relationship construct, or a set of relationships (for example, organizational unit ® position ® employee). The relationship construct is called an evaluation path. The system then traces the different structures in your plan, and reports on all objects that are involved in the named evaluation path.

Using relationships records for reporting purposes allows you to target reports on very specific information. This feature is available when you use structural reports or combination reports.